An updated springs inventory for the State of Wisconsin

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Project Number:


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Contract Period:

7/1/2014 - 6/30/2017

Funding Source:


  • Kenneth Bradbury, WGNHS
  • Susan Swanson, WGNHS

This project directly addressed the need for comprehensive and widespread information on spring hydrology in Wisconsin to assess impacts of high-capacity wells on spring flow rates and to characterize the susceptibility of certain spring types to impacts as a result of groundwater drawdown.

Objectives: The broad objectives of the project were (1) to create a springs database for the State of Wisconsin by conducting field surveys of springs with historical flow rates of 0.25 ft3/s or more and (2) to establish reference springs in representative hydrogeological and ecological settings for long-term monitoring and characterization of the vulnerability of common types of springs to groundwater withdrawals or changes in recharge.

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